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SABT Boerboel Breed Standard (Constitution)

 

History

 The Boerboel is a big, strong and intelligent workers dog, which was bred in Africa since the 17th century.  Various mastiff type dogs from Europe as well as big dogs from Africa contributed to the development of the breed.  A typical Boerboel’s characteristics are very similar to that of the Assyrian dogs of the period up to 700BC

 

General Appearance

 A big strong dog, well balanced with good muscle development and buoyant movement.  The dog should be impressive and imposing.  Male dogs appear noticeably masculine and the bitches feminine.

 Balance

 The Boerboel is a perfectly balanced dog all parts of the body should be in proportion.

 Temperament

 The Boerboel is reliable, obedient and intelligent, with strong watchdog instinct.  It is self assured and fearless.

 The Head

 The head is the most important feature of the Boerboel, as it represents its total character.  The head is short, broad, deep, square and muscular with well defined cheeks.  The part between the eyes must be well filled.

 Top-Line of the Head/Occiput

 The top of the head is broad and flat, with prominent muscle development.

 Face

 The face should blend symmetrically with the head, and can be with or without a black mask.

 Stop

The stop should be visible, but not prominent.

 Muzzle

 The muzzle is black with large nostrils that are widely spaced.

 Nasal Bone

 The nasal bone is straight and parallel to the top line of the head.  It is deep, broad and it tapers slightly to the front.  The Nasal bone should be 8-10cm long.

 Lips

 

The upper lip is loose and fleshy, and should not hang lower than the lower jaw.  The upper lip (beneath the muzzle) should cover the lower lip.

Jaws

 The jaws (mandibles) are strong, deep and broad and narrows slightly to the front.

 Teeth

 Teeth should be white, well developed, correctly spaced, a complete set (42 teeth) and should have a scissors bite.

 Eyes

The color of the eyes can be any shade of brown but darker than the pelt.  Eyes should he horizontally set.  It should be broad spaced with firm, well-pigmented eyelids.

Ears

The ears should be of medium size. V-shaped and should be in proportion to the head.  They are set fairly high and wide against the head.  When the dog is interested, the ears should form a straight line with the top of the head.

Neck Profile

The neck shows a noticeable muscle curve, and is attached high at the shoulder.

Length

The neck is of medium length and in proportion to the rest of the dog.

Appearance

The neck is quite strong and muscular , firmly attached to the head and gradually broadens up to the point where it is attached to the shoulder.  The Neck, head and shoulders should form a unit.

The Skin of the Neck

The skin of the neck is loose under the throat and becomes taut between the front legs.

 Body

The body narrows slightly toward the loin.

 Top Line

The top-line should be straight.

Back

The back is straight, broad and in proportion, with prominent back muscles and a short loin.

Rump

The rump is broad and strong, with good muscle development.

Chest

The chest is muscular and strong.  The chest should be broad, and deeply set between the forelegs with well attached and curved ribs.  The rib cage should be in proportion to the chest.

Tail

The tail is attached high to the body.  It should be straight and preferably short (3 joints).  Long tails are acceptable.

Fore-Quarter

The forequarter is strong, muscular and in proportion to the rest of the dog.

Shoulders/Withers

The withers should be well attached, correctly angulated and with good muscle development.

Upper Arm

The upper arm should have good muscle development.

Front Legs

The front legs should be thick, strong, and muscular and should stand perfectly vertical.

Front Pasterns

The front pasterns are short, strong and a vertical extension of the front legs and pastern joints.

Front Paws

The front paws are big, well padded and rounded with strong, dark and curved toenails.  The paws should point straight forward.

Hind-Quarter

The hindquarter should be strong, firm and muscular and in proportion to the rest of the dog, with the ability for effective propulsion.

Upper Thighs

The upper thighs are broad and well developed with prominent muscles.

Second Thigh/Gaskin

The second thighs should be well developed with prominent muscle.

Knee-stifle

The knees are strong, firm and correctly angulated.

Hock Joints

The hock joints are strong and firm with correct curving.

Hocks

The hocks are relatively short, strong and thick.  The hocks are parallel. (dewclaws should not be present).

Hind paws

The hind paws are slightly smaller than the front paws.   They should be well padded, rounded and should point straight forward.  The nails are strong, dark and curved.

Movement

Movement should be easy, smooth powerful and purposeful, by means of good propulsion of the hindquarter and parallel movement of the legs.  In movement, a straight top line should be maintained.

Skin

The skin is thick, loose and well pigmented with moderate wrinkles on the forehead when the dog is interested.

Pelt/Hair

The pelt is short, sleek and dense.

Recognized Colors

Creme white, pale tawny, reddish brown, brown, piebald and all shades of brindle.

 Size

 Males

The ideal height for a male dog is 66cm (26 inches).  It can vary between 64 and 70cm.

Females

The ideal height for a female is 61 cm (24 inches).  It can vary between 59 and 65cm.

General Health

The Boerboel enjoys exceptional health due to natural selection.

Pigmentation

The Boerboel is well pigmented, especially on the lips, paws, toenails and genitals.

Disqualifications

1. A dog that is too small.

2. A dog that is too big.

3. An overly aggressive dog.

4. A head that is too small and nondescript.

5. A liver colored muzzle.

6. An under-bite more than 1cm.

7. A noticeable overbite.

8. A narrow mouth.

9. A long mouth.

10. A sharp mouth.

11. Blue eyes.

12. Erect ears.

13. A narrow chest.

14. Bandy legs.

15. A hollow back.

16. Cow hocks.

17. Sickle hocks.

18. Straight hocks.

19. Clumsy and unbalanced movement. 

21. Black and skewbald.

22. Any sign of another dog breed.